Ethical Foundations in Team Science Settings
Beever J, Hannah M. Ethical Foundations in Team Science Settings. Oral presentation at 2017 SciTS Conference. Clearwater Beach, FL. Jun 13, 2017. Ethics And Integrity In Team Science. Online at: http://www.scienceofteamscience.org/2017-agenda.
Ethical decision-making, (i.e. the cognitive and affective
components of understanding and acting in situations
of complex moral salience), is especially challenging
for team science due to the communicative,
methodological, and foundational differences
among disparate science cultures. And yet ethics is an understudied component of team science. In this
presentation, we outline a novel research strategy
by which to better understand the nature and role of
ethics in team science.
Much previous work in ethics has analyzed effective
strategies of cultivating ethical decision-making at the
individual level. Those projects leaned on Kohlbergianbased
instruments of individual psychological moral
development to assess ethical development. While this approach enhanced researchers’ understanding of
ethical decision-making at the individual level, central
questions arose as to how and to what extent ethical
decision-making differed amongst groups collaborating
in STEM disciplines and what impact these variations
had on team science. This is a significant gap, given the
increasing importance of team-based science.
In response, we have developed a multidisciplinary
team research strategy to study the ways that ethical
decision-making may differ across disciplines and at
stages of individual formation within disciplines. As an
alternative to what has become a standard rationalistic
and individualistic model of ethical decision-making,
we propose drawing on character-based work of moral
foundationalists who argue that the individuals’ ethical
character is orientated, implicitly, to particular norms or
values, and that these values are reflectively shaped by
the cultures and contexts of group settings.
To pursue this work, we pose two related hypotheses.
First, we think that disciplinary enculturation
exacerbates differences in individual value perspectives
and decreases researchers’ abilities to collaborate
effectively in team or group science settings. Second,
we propose that foundational normative differences
exist between disciplines precisely because of the ways
in which members of disciplines are enculturated.
Further, these differences play a role in the effectiveness
of communication and decision-making within teams.
In this presentation, we’ll develop these hypotheses
and the theories that guide them and outline a research
plan to study them.
This research has significance for the science of team
science both in drawing attention to the role of
ethics in team science but also to the ways in which
disciplinary enculturation effects individual values and
Type of Publication:
scits 2017 conference, presentation, ethics, team science, ethical foundation
Addresses these goal(s):
- Learn about the field of team science: history, theory and concepts
- Conduct research on/evaluate team science
Resource created by Jane Hwang on 10/5/2017 9:57:12 AM.