Division of Labor and Scientific Misconduct
Walsh J, Lee Y, Tang L. Division of Labor and Scientific Misconduct. Oral presentation at 2017 SciTS Conference. Clearwater Beach, FL. Jun 13, 2017. Ethics And Integrity In Team Science. Online at: http://www.scienceofteamscience.org/2017-agenda.
Science is increasingly a team activity, and the size
of the teams has been growing. At the same time,
there has been an increase in the rate of retractions
of published findings. We argue that the increase in
division of labor that is associated with larger team
size may be a key factor contributing to scientific
misconduct and the associated retractions. While larger
team size may reduce retraction likelihood due to more
people monitoring and checking the results, greater
division of labor reduces the ability of team members
to monitor each other’s work, increases coordination
and communication problems and may lead to goal
displacement, and therefore should increase the
probability of retraction, net of team size. Based on
a matched sample of 263 retracted and 506 paired
papers that were not retracted, we develop indicators
of the division of labor in the team that produced a
paper and find that the rate of retractions is higher as
the division of labor increases (net of team size), even
though team size has a negative effect on retractions.
We conclude with a discussion of the implications
of these findings for science policy, in particular for
organizing team science projects.
Type of Publication:
scits 2017 conference, presentation, ethics, integrity, division of labor, scientific misconduct
Addresses these goal(s):
- Conduct research on/evaluate team science
Resource created by Jane Hwang on 10/5/2017 10:04:31 AM.