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National Cancer Institute

Beyond The Ivory Tower: Knowledge Production Between Academic And Non-Academic Science

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Makinen E, Keep B, Gomez C, Munoz-Najar Galvez S. Beyond The Ivory Tower: Knowledge Production Between Academic And Non-Academic Science. Oral presentation at 2017 SciTS Conference. Clearwater Beach, FL. Jun 14, 2017. Online at:

This panel examines an emerging trend in the global scientific enterprise: knowledge production between academic and non-academic science. It is widely agreed that science, technology, and innovation are critical drivers for economic growth and national well-being. Yet, innovative science is partly districted by who is allowed to participate in academic knowledge production. The three papers in this panel explore the ways in which academic knowledge production is becoming integrated with non-academic science. The panel discussion will address questions such as: What types of boundary interfaces are being created between academic and non-academic science? How do they facilitate or hinder knowledge production? How can society benefit from knowledge production that occurs between academic and non-academic science? The first paper by Elina I. Mäkinen (University of Tampere) describes the evolution of a collaboration in the field of medicine between experts from academic and non-academic research environments. The second paper by Benjamin E. Keep (Stanford University) describes a case where volunteers and professional scientists collaborated using a problem-solving environment and cloud lab to solve open scientific problems in RNA design. Finally, in the third paper, Sebastian Muñoz-Najar Galvez (Stanford University) and Charles J. Gomez (The University of California, Berkeley) analyze usage data from SciHub, an illegal online repository that made published research papers available to anyone from around the world. These three papers provide insight into different types of boundary interfaces—transdisciplinary meetings, a problem-solving environment, a cloud lab, and a “shadow library”—that allow for exchange of information and collaboration between academic and non-academic scientists. They also shed light on how different types of boundary objects (visual representations of data, a problem-solving environment, cloud lab, and download requests) facilitate knowledge production.



Type of Publication:

Oral presentation


scits 2017 conference, presentation, knowledge, production

Addresses these goal(s):

  • Learn about the field of team science: history, theory and concepts
  • Conduct research on/evaluate team science

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Resource created by Jane Hwang on 10/5/2017 2:56:15 PM.

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